Image of John Wayne

John Wayne

Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker. An Academy Award-winner for True Grit (1969), Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades. Born in Winterset, Iowa, Wayne grew up in Southern California. He was president of Glendale High class of 1925. He found work at local film studios when he lost his football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a bodysurfing accident. Initially working for the Fox Film Corporation, he appeared mostly in small bit parts. His first leading role came in Raoul Walsh's The Big Trail (1930), which led to leading roles in numerous B movies throughout the 1930s, many of them in the Western genre. Wayne's career took off in 1939, with John Ford's Stagecoach making him an instant star. He went on to star in 142 pictures. Biographer Ronald Davis said, "John Wayne personified for millions the nation's frontier heritage. Eighty-three of his movies were Westerns, and in them, he played cowboys, cavalrymen, and unconquerable loners extracted from the Republic's central creation myth." Wayne's other well-known Western roles include a cattleman driving his herd north on the Chisholm Trail in Red River (1948), a Civil War veteran whose young niece is abducted by a tribe of Comanches in The Searchers (1956), and a troubled rancher competing with a lawyer for a woman's hand in marriage in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962). He is also remembered for his roles in The Quiet Man (1952), Rio Bravo (1959), and The Longest Day (1962). In his final screen performance, he starred as an aging gunfighter battling cancer in The Shootist (1976). He appeared with many important Hollywood stars of his era, and his last public appearance was at the Academy Awards ceremony on April 9, 1979.

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May 26, 1907 In Winterset, Iowa, USA
Movie/TV Credits:
First Appeared:
In the movie Brown of Harvard 1926-05-02
Latest Project:
Movie And the Oscar Goes To... 2014-02-02
Known For
Movie And the Oscar Goes To... 2014-02-02
Movie John Ford & Monument Valley Himself (archive footage) 2013-03-05
Movie The Silver Screen: Color Me Lavender Himself (archive footage) 1997-11-01
Movie La Classe américaine George Abitbol (archive footage) 1993-12-31
Movie Barbara Stanwyck: Fire and Desire Himself (archive footage) 1991-07-15
Movie House II: The Second Story Cowboy (archive footage) (uncredited) 1987-05-14
Movie It's Showtime 1976-03-31
Movie Meanwhile, Back at the Ranch Jerry Mason 1976-05-01
Movie Brannigan Lt. Jim Brannigan 1975-03-21
Movie Rooster Cogburn Reuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn 1975-10-17
Movie Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? (archive footage) 1975-08-06
Movie McQ Det. Lt. Lon McQ 1974-01-04
Movie The Train Robbers Lane 1973-02-07
Movie Cahill U.S. Marshal J.D. Cahill 1973-07-11
Movie The Cowboys Wil Andersen 1972-01-13
Movie Cancel My Reservation Himself (uncredited) 1972-09-21
Movie Letter to Jane: An Investigation About a Still Himself (archive footage) (uncredited) 1972-10-10
Movie Directed by John Ford Himself (uncredited) 1971-10-06
Movie Big Jake Jacob McCandles 1971-05-26
Movie The American West of John Ford Himself 1971-12-05
Movie Rio Lobo Colonel Cord McNally 1970-04-01
Movie No Substitute for Victory Himself 1970-01-01
Movie Chisum John Simpson Chisum 1970-07-23
Movie Raquel! Himself 1970-04-26
Movie True Grit Reuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn 1969-06-11
Movie The Undefeated Colonel John Henry Thomas 1969-10-04
Movie The Green Berets Colonel Mike Kirby 1968-07-04
Movie Hellfighters Chance Buckman 1968-11-27
Movie The War Wagon Taw Jackson 1967-05-26
Movie El Dorado Cole Thornton 1967-06-07
Movie Cast a Giant Shadow Gen. Mike Randolph 1966-03-30
Movie In Harm's Way Capt. Rockwell Torrey 1965-04-05
Movie The Sons of Katie Elder John Elder 1965-06-23
Movie Circus World Matt Masters 1964-06-25
Movie Donovan's Reef Michael "Guns" Donovan 1963-06-12
Movie McLintock! George Washington McLintock 1963-11-13
Movie Hollywood Without Make-Up 1963-07-01
Movie Hatari! Sean Mercer 1962-06-19
Movie The Longest Day Col. Benjamin Vandervoort 1962-09-25
Movie The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Tom Doniphon 1962-04-22
Movie How the West Was Won William Sherman 1962-10-01
Movie Flashing Spikes Marine Sergeant 1962-10-04
Movie The Comancheros Jake Cutter 1961-10-30
Movie The Alamo Col. Davy Crockett 1960-10-23
Movie North to Alaska Sam McCord 1960-11-07
Movie Rio Bravo John Chance 1959-03-17
Movie The Horse Soldiers Col John Marlowe 1959-06-11
Movie I Married a Woman Leonard - Screen Husband (uncredited) 1958-03-01
Movie The Wings of Eagles Frank W. 'Spig' Wead 1957-01-31
Movie Jet Pilot Col. Jim Shannon 1957-10-11
Movie Legend of the Lost Joe January 1957-12-17
Movie The Conqueror Temujin, later Genghis Khan 1956-03-28
Movie Blood Alley Capt. Tom Wilder 1955-10-01
Movie The Sea Chase Captain Karl Ehrlich 1955-06-04
Movie Screen Directors Playhouse: Rookie of the Year Mike Cronin 1955-12-07
Movie The High and the Mighty Dan Roman 1954-07-03
Series Producers' Showcase 1954-10-18
Movie Trouble Along the Way Stephen Aloysius Williams 1953-04-04
Movie Hondo Hondo Lane 1953-11-25
Movie Island in the Sky Captain Dooley 1953-09-05
Movie The Quiet Man Sean Thornton 1952-07-21
Movie Big Jim McLain Jim McLain 1952-08-30
Movie Flying Leathernecks Maj. Daniel Xavier Kirby 1951-08-28
Movie She Wore a Yellow Ribbon Capt. Nathan Cutting Brittles 1949-10-22
Movie The Fighting Kentuckian John Breen 1949-09-15
Movie Sands of Iwo Jima Sgt John M Stryker 1949-12-14
Movie Fort Apache Capt. Kirby York 1948-06-14
Movie Wake of the Red Witch Capt. Ralls 1948-12-30
Movie 3 Godfathers Robert Marmaduke Hightower 1948-12-31
Movie Angel and the Badman Quirt Evans 1947-02-15
Movie Tycoon Johnny Munroe 1947-12-27
Movie Without Reservations Rusty Thomas 1946-05-13
Movie Desert Command Tom Wayne 1946-05-31
Movie Flame of Barbary Coast Duke Fergus 1945-05-28
Movie Back to Bataan Colonel Joseph Madden 1945-05-30
Movie They Were Expendable Lt. (J.G.) 'Rusty' Ryan 1945-12-07
Movie Dakota John Devlin 1945-12-15
Movie The Fighting Seabees Lt. Cmdr. Wedge Donovan 1944-01-27
Movie Tall in the Saddle Rocklin 1944-09-29
Movie War of the Wildcats Daniel F Somers 1943-12-06
Movie A Lady Takes a Chance Duke Hudkins 1943-08-19
Movie In Old California Tom Craig 1942-05-31
Movie Lady for a Night Jackson Morgan 1942-01-05
Movie Reap the Wild Wind Captain Jack Stuart 1942-03-26
Movie The Spoilers Roy Glennister 1942-06-11
Movie Flying Tigers Jim Gordon 1942-10-08
Movie Reunion in France Pat Talbot 1942-12-25
Movie Pittsburgh Charles 'Pittsburgh' Markham 1942-12-11
Movie Lady from Louisiana John Reynolds 1941-04-22
Movie The Shepherd of the Hills Young Matt 1941-07-18
Movie Dark Command Bob Seton 1940-04-15
Movie Three Faces West John Phillips 1940-07-03
Movie The Long Voyage Home Ole Olsen 1940-11-16
Movie Seven Sinners Lieutenant Dan Brent 1940-10-25
Movie The Night Riders Stony Brooke 1939-04-12
Movie Three Texas Steers Stony Brooke 1939-05-12
Movie Stagecoach The Ringo Kid 1939-03-03
Movie New Frontier Stony Brooke 1939-08-10
Movie Wyoming Outlaw Stony Brooke 1939-06-27
Movie Allegheny Uprising Jim Smith 1939-11-10
Movie Overland Stage Raiders Stony Brooke 1938-09-20
Movie Pals of the Saddle Stony Brooke 1938-08-28
Movie Santa Fe Stampede Stony Brooke 1938-11-18
Movie Red River Range Stony Brooke 1938-12-22
Movie California Straight Ahead Biff Smith 1937-04-16
Movie I cover the war! Bob Adams 1937-07-04
Movie Born to the West Dare Rudd 1937-12-10
Movie Idol of the crowds Johnny Hanson 1937-09-30
Movie Adventure's End Duke Slade 1937-12-05
Movie The Oregon Trail Capt John Delmont 1936-01-18
Movie The Lawless Nineties John Tipton 1936-02-15
Movie The Lonely Trail Captain John Ashley 1936-05-25
Movie Conflict Pat Glendon 1936-11-29
Movie Sea Spoilers Bob Randall 1936-09-30
Movie Winds of the Wasteland John Blair 1936-07-06
Movie The Desert Trail John Scott / John Jones 1935-04-21
Movie Rainbow Valley John Martin 1935-03-15
Movie The Dawn Rider John Mason 1935-06-20
Movie Lawless Range John Middleton 1935-11-04
Movie Paradise Canyon John Wyatt 1935-07-19
Movie The New Frontier John Dawson 1935-10-25
Movie Texas Terror John Higgins 1935-10-17
Movie The Man From Utah John Weston 1934-05-15
Movie The Lucky Texan Jerry Mason 1934-01-22
Movie West of the Divide Ted Hayden aka Gat Ganns 1934-02-15
Movie Blue Steel John Carruthers 1934-05-10
Movie 'Neath the Arizona Skies Chris Morrell 1934-12-05
Movie The Lawless Frontier John Tobin 1934-11-22
Movie The Star Packer U.S. Marshal John Travers 1934-07-30
Movie The Trail Beyond Rod Drew 1934-10-22
Movie Somewhere in Sonora John Bishop 1933-05-27
Movie Central Airport Co-Pilot in Wreck (uncredited) 1933-04-15
Movie The Telegraph Trail John Trent 1933-03-18
Movie The Life of Jimmy Dolan Smith 1933-06-03
Movie The Three Musketeers Lt. Tom Wayne 1933-04-07
Movie Baby Face Jimmy McCoy Jr. 1933-07-13
Movie College Coach Student Greeting Phil (uncredited) 1933-11-13
Movie Sagebrush Trail John Brant 1933-12-15
Movie His Private Secretary Dick Wallace 1933-06-10
Movie Riders of Destiny Singin' Sandy Saunders 1933-10-10
Movie The Man from Monterey John Holmes 1933-07-15
Movie Two-Fisted Law Duke 1932-06-08
Movie Lady and Gent Buzz Kinney 1932-07-10
Movie Texas Cyclone Steve Pickett 1932-02-24
Movie The Shadow of the Eagle Craig McCoy 1932-02-01
Movie The Hurricane Express The Air Pilot 1932-08-01
Movie The Big Stampede Deputy Sheriff John Steele 1932-10-08
Movie Ride Him, Cowboy John Drury 1932-08-27
Movie Arizona Lt. Bob Denton 1931-06-27
Movie Girls Demand Excitement Peter Brooks 1931-02-08
Movie Maker of Men Dusty Rhodes 1931-08-03
Movie The Range Feud Clint Turner 1931-12-01
Movie Born Reckless Extra (uncredited) 1930-06-06
Movie Men Without Women Radioman on Surface (uncredited) 1930-02-08
Movie Rough Romance Lumberjack 1930-06-15
Movie Cheer Up and Smile Roy 1930-06-22
Movie The Big Trail Breck Coleman 1930-11-01
Movie The Black Watch 42nd Highlander (uncredited) 1929-05-22
Movie Noah's Ark Flood Extra (uncredited) 1929-06-15
Movie Salute Midshipman Bill (uncredited) 1929-09-01
Movie Words and Music Pete Donahue 1929-08-18
Movie Four Sons Officer (uncredited) 1928-02-13
Movie Hangman's House Horse Race Spectator / Condemned Man in Flashback 1928-05-13
Movie The Draw-Back Opposing Football Player 1927-04-10
Movie Annie Laurie Extra (uncredited) 1927-05-10
Movie The Drop Kick Football Player / Extra in Stands 1927-09-25
Movie Mother Machree Extra (uncredited) 1927-12-19
Movie Brown of Harvard Yale Football Player (uncredited) 1926-05-02
Movie The Great K&A Train Robbery Extra (uncredited) 1926-10-17
Movie Bardelys the Magnificent Guard (uncredited) 1926-09-30
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